Standard, open, drop tuning, alternate tuning, analysis, open A, open E, open G, open D
Standard tuning: E2 | A2 | D3 | G3 | B3 | E4
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The guitar has a range of several octaves, therefore the note name E may be played in four different pitches on the guitar neck. To indicate the octave in which a tone is located, the Scientific Pitch Notation (SPN) is employed here. This system is also known as American standard pitch notation (ASPN) or international pitch notation (IPN). Mostly used in modern music theory, it arranges the seven tones C, D, E, F, G, A and B into several octaves which are numbered form the lowest C0 to the highest C9. For more information, see this Wikipedia article on Scientific Pitch Notation.
Another way of naming octaves was already developed in the 19th century by the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz. It is mainly used in classical music theory and is still standard in German-speaking countries today. We use the Helmholtz pitch notation for our tuning page in German.