Open, barre, major, minor, fifth chord + tritone, 7/9 - chord, chord by string 1 2 3 4, string 2 3 4 6, string 2 3 4 5, string 1 2 3 5
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A chord is basically the simultaneous sounding of three or more notes. It is described or named by the intervals it comprises, reckoned either between adjacent notes or from the lowest. The triad, for instance, consists of two thirds (reckoning between adjacent notes) or, equally, a third and a fifth (reckoning from the lowest note). In functional harmony the root of a chord is the note on which it seems to be built. If the lowest note of the chord is also its root, it is said to be in root position; if not, it is said to be in inversion (e.g. 1st, 2nd, 3rd inversion).
The simplest guitar chord is the open chord for major or minor. The barre chord need a bit more practice. This chord form can be used in all keys, because it is moveable to any position on the guitar neck.
Further explanation of the structure of a chord and its extension is to be found in the chord formula.